female madness 19th century
Sanity, Madness and the Family. Háskóli Íslands Hugvísindasvið Department of English Women and Madness in the 19 th Century The effects of oppression on women's mental health Ritgerð til BA prófs í … Durkheim, E. 1964. Smith, R. 1981. In the 1890s, George Rohé from Maryland examined 35 women of 200 patients, and he recommended the surgery in patients with a variety of mental illnesses, such as hysterical mania and puerperal mania (now associated with modern postpartum depression), who were clearly unable to consent to the procedure. Access to society journal content varies across our titles. Menstrual Madness and Ovary Removal in the 19th Century 2020, Features CW: This piece contains discussions of surgical removal of reproductive organs, breaches of medical consent, and experimentation on enslaved women and women in asylums. Sims and his experiments represent a trend in radical and medically unjustifiable gynecological procedures that emerged in the mid-19th century. Porter, R. 1987. (An excellent collection of essays; several of the essays challenge Showalter’s findings and emphasis on ‘gender’, see e.g. Second, it is based on an analysis of cultural representations of female insanity. e-book, ** Joan Busfield, Men, Women and Madness: Understanding Gender and Mental Disorder (London: Macmillan, 1996). Lady Science is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- NoDerivatives 4.0, Alfred Hegar, Lawson Tait, and Robert Battey, not infrequently caused by uterine and ovarian disease, sinless ovary…should not be needlessly sacrificed, having lucid intervals could give valid consent to any operation during said interval, Astrophysicist Kim Arcand is Helping Everyone Experience the Universe, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- NoDerivatives 4.0. Men, Women and Madness in Nineteenth Century Britain, https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038594028001016, Mad, not bad: crime, mental disorder and gender in nineteenth-century Ireland. Since at least the late Renaissance, menstruation and insanity had become intricately linked in Western medicine, and Battey, working within this tradition, claimed that insanity was “not infrequently caused by uterine and ovarian disease.” The normal ovariotomy, then, became a medically legitimate procedure to “relieve” women of their madness and to prevent them from passing it on to offspring. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. ), The Mind of Modernism: Medicine, Psychology, and the Cultural Arts in Europe and America, 1880-1940 (Stanford University Press, 2004), esp chs 1-2. Writers and Readers Publishing Co-operative, `Women and Madness in Tudor and Stuart England', `Social Factors in the Admission, Discharge and Continuing Stay of Patients at Ticehurst Asylum, 1845-1917', `Female Circulation: Medical Discourse and Popular Advertising in the mid-Victorian Era', ` “K is Mentally Ill”: The Anatomy of a Factual Account', The Female Malady? 313-36. Alexander Morison, The Physiognomy of Mental Diseases (London: G. Odell, 1838), Plate VIII. https://studentshare.org/literature/1550100-an-inquiry-into-depictions-of-female-madness-in-contemporary-literaturefilm. The procedure effectively sterilized women and embodied a eugenic disregard towards institutionalized, enslaved, or marginalized women who underwent the procedure. 1989. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. Vieda Skultans, Madness and Morals: Ideas on Insanity in the Nineteenth Century (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975), ch. Amongst such cases brought to Ticehurst Asylum, Eliza Gipps was admitted in 1860 at the age of 40 after a difficult confinement with her first child, suffering from terrible delusions. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. Disease and Representation: Images of Illness from Madness to AIDS. Before it became popular throughout the Victorian era, this surgery in itself was radical and controversial in a number of ways. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. Dysfunctional Domesticity: Female Insanity and Family Relationships among the West Riding Poor ... Visualizing Madness: Mental Illness and Public Representation. The lack of consent and evidence of efficacy of these “treatments” among surgeons was not coincidental but indicative of the mass, eugenic attitude held towards institutionalized, enslaved, or “disobedient” women in this period. By mid-century these conditions accounted for 10 per cent of female admissions in many asylums. Women were also admitted to private asylums on slender evidence, notably those who contravened expectations concerning their modesty, conduct, duties or behaviour or those who would not bend to their husbands’ will, even when husbands were themselves making extraordinary demands that could be deemed crazy. During the 18th and 19th century, male physicians increasingly took over gynecological and obstetric roles previously occupied by female midwives and healers.
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