The fruit is a capsule that splits open to release its seeds. Leaves opposite or whorled on an elongate stem. Visit this family in the 1.3–4 (–4.3) cm long (including spur), yellow (red-pink in a rare weedy annual); seeds strongly wrinkled, tuberculate, ridged, or winged. 20. Rahmanzadeh R et al. 9. They usually have all basal, alternate, or opposite leaves. The scrophulariaceae are an interesting family of plants that has been greatly changed by the use of genetics. 14. Discover thousands of New England plants. Sepals separate nearly or quite to the base; fertile stamens 2 or 4. Corolla nearly regular, the lobes equaling or exceeding the tube. Inflorescence terminal and branched (± paniculate); stamens 4 fertile plus 1 staminodium. Other ornamental mints include numerous species of Salvia, ranging in colour from blue to the orange-red S. splendens (Brazilian scarlet sage). They usually have both pollen-bearing and ovule-bearing parts and are zygomorphic (bilateral symmetrical), but some genera are are actinimorphic (radially symmetrical). The members of these three genera were formerly placed in Myoporaceae and are characterized by strongly bilaterally symmetric flowers. 21. Most members of Lamiaceae are annual or perennial herbs, though molecular studies indicate that some of the woody genera formerly placed in Verbenaceae belong in Lamiaceae. Plantaginaceae. Corolla with a slender basal spur projecting back between the lower calyx lobes. Further disintegration of Scrophulariaceae. Leaves entire; corolla swollen at base, closed at the throat by the palate. They usually have all basal, alternate, or opposite leaves. 5. Stem erect; leaf blades (or their principal lobe) over 1.5 times as long as broad; corolla spurred (Chaenorhinum, Linaria) or not; capsules various, mostly longer than broad. Corolla not spurred; plant glabrous or with eglandular hairs (or if with gland-tipped hairs, the leaves not linear); fertile stamens 2 (staminodia filamentous, reduced, or none). 2005. 3–4.5 mm in diameter. 17. Sepals (at least at anthesis) fused ca. The aromatic V. agnus-castus (chaste tree) is a hardy ornamental in warm temperate regions. Corolla with a spur projecting back at the base; plant with ± dense gland-tipped hairs; leaves linear; fertile stamens 4. Scrophulariaceae. Species in the Plantain family in our region are annual or perennial herbs, and include both terrestrial species and rooted aquatics. Corolla at least 2.5 cm long, much exceeding the broadly ovate calyx lobes. Albach DC, Meudt HM and Oxelman B. Molecular studies show that earlier morphologically based delimitations of many families, such as Scrophulariaceae, do not hold up well in a system based on common ancestry. Plantago, for instance, has a single basal ovule, whereas many of the traditional “scroph” genera have numerous seeds on an axial placentation. Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family, includes some 65 genera and 1,800 species. All rights reserved. Corolla not over 1.5 cm long, barely if at all exceeding the linear calyx lobes. Corolla less than 1.5 cm long; sepals linear-lanceolate to somewhat ovate, not conspicuously overlapping; stamens 2 or 4 (including any staminodia). Lamiales belongs to the core asterids, or sympetalous lineage of flowering plants, in the euasterid I group of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (APG III) botanical classification system (see angiosperm).. Order characteristics. LESSER SNAPDRAGON, WEASEL'S-SNOUT, LINEARLEAF SNAPDRAGON, RIBGRASS, BUCKHORN, NARROW-LEAVED PLANTAIN, ENGLISH PLANTAIN. Corolla 0.6–1.1 cm long, blue; seeds smooth or weakly pebbled. Corolla ca. The foxgloves Digitalis lanata and D. purpurea are the sources of digoxin and digitoxin, respectively; these drugs are important in the treatment of irregular heart rhythms. Your help is appreciated. 17. Leaves in whorls of 3–6 (–7), sharply toothed; inflorescence of 1–several dense elongate slenderly tapering spikes or spike-like racemes; corolla tube much longer than the lobes. The related tree Bontia daphnoides is an ornamental species from the Caribbean region. Generic classification suggests at least three origins because the endemic species of Veroniceae comprise two species of Veronica, twelve species of Parahebe, and the monotypic genus Detzneria. Leaves (especially middle and lower ones) deeply pinnately toothed or lobed ca. Flowers tiny, lacking a corolla, or corolla regular and scarious. Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family), formerly Scrophulariaceae (Snapdragon Family) Montane, subalpine, alpine. 10. The flowers may grow in arrays or singly. 3. The style arises either deeply from within a central depression (Lamiaceae) or from the top of the ovary (Verbenaceae). Important core Verbenaceae include plants such as Lippia (lemon verbena), Lantana camara (common lantana), Petraea (queen’s wreath), and Verbena hybrida, an attractive ground cover. 7. The family so defined is entirely herbaceous and quite diverse in floral form and in the reduction of floral parts, with about 90 genera and 1,800 species. Leaves of main stem toothed or entire but not so deeply pinnately toothed or lobed (uppermost leaves or bracts may have small basal lobes). 15. In Verbenaceae the style is terminal on the ovary, or nearly so, and the ovary is unlobed or only shallowly lobed at the top. 1. Centres of distribution in the New World range from the mountains in central Mexico into Argentina and Chile, with secondary centres radiating northward and eastward. Summer. 8. One of the biggest upheavals in family circumscriptions resulting from the adoption of the APG III classification lies in the reorganization of the former Scrophulariales into Lamiales. This was a magnificent family with fairly intuitive patterns for identification, but most Figwort genera have been reclassified according to genetic evidence into the closely related Plantain, Lopseed, and Broomrape families.The Acanthus and Bladderwort families also have figwort-like flowers. Digitalis is by some accounts in the Scrophulariaceae but is now properly classified in the Plantaginaceae. 9. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids. Perfumes are derived from Lavandula angustifolia (lavender). Corolla without spur (at most swollen or saccate at base). The petals are often fused into a lobed tube. 1. Several important timber plants formerly placed in Verbenaceae have been reassigned to Lamiaceae. 10. Flowers in compact or elongate terminal inflorescences (ca. Piecing together the "new" Plantaginaceae. 18. Plantaginaceae is the correct name for the family that encompasses not only the plantains with their reduced flowers, but also the related larger-flowered genera formerly placed in the Scrophulariaceae as well as highly reduced aquatics, such as Hippuris (in Hippuridaceae in Michigan Flora) and Callitriche (in Callitrichaceae in Michigan Flora).. 1. The Go Botany project is supported Mai multe genuri care erau incluse clasic în familia Scrophulariaceae au fost recent transferate în familia Plantaginaceae.Astfel genurile întâlnite în România ca Antirrhinum, Cymbalaria, Digitalis, Gratiola, Kickxia, Linaria, Misopates, Penstemon, Veronica care făceau parte din familia Scrophulariaceae în prezent sunt incluse în familia Plantaginaceae. Can you please help us? Tacsonomeg. Their flowers commonly have a style that originates between the deep lobes of the ovary (gynobasic style), uniting the four otherwise essentially distinct lobes of the ovary. 19. Species in the Plantain family in our region are annual or perennial herbs, and include both terrestrial species and rooted aquatics. Cauline leaves all or mostly alternate on fertile stems (lowermost leaves sometimes opposite and rosette of larger basal leaves sometimes present). Flowers usually conspicuous, with both calyx and corolla present, the corolla petaloid, usually conspicuously bilaterally symmetrical. American Journal of Botany 92(2): 297-315. Let’s return to the Scrophulariaceae. Taxon 54(2): 411-425. 15. We depend on 21. Leaves terete (ca. The two core families of Lamiales are Lamiaceae, or the mint family, and Verbenaceae, or the verbena family. Members of the mint family are characteristically aromatic, and many are cultivated for their ethereal or essential oils, which are used medicinally, for flavouring foods and beverages, and in perfumery. Most have leaves with pellucid dots. Stem trailing or sprawling; leaf blades not over 1.5 times as long as broad; corolla with basal spur; capsules ± spherical, ca. Plantaginaceae is the correct name for the family that encompasses not only the plantains with their reduced flowers, but also the related larger-flowered genera formerly placed in the Scrophulariaceae as well as highly reduced aquatics, such as Hippuris (in Hippuridaceae in Michigan Flora) and Callitriche (in Callitrichaceae in Michigan Flora). Leaves flat, in most species with at least 3 prominent veins and/or pubescent; flowers bisexual (in heads or spikes); capsule circumscissile; dry or rarely wet habitats. 6. One of the biggest upheavals in family circumscriptions resulting from the adoption of the APG III classification lies in the reorganization of the former Scrophulariales into Lamiales. 2020 Stems, leaves, and calyx pilose; leaf blades pinnately veined, usually hastate (1–2 pairs of small basal lobes); seeds covered with dense convolute-rounded ornamentation. 22. 3 mm or less thick at the middle, thence tapering to apex), at most 1-veined, glabrous; flowers unisexual (the staminate long-stalked, the pistillate basal); fruit indehiscent; submersed or on moist shores. If you already know what group your plant is in, start with the clickable plant map to find your plant more quickly. Scrophulariaceae Plants of the Figwort Family. Changes to Minnesota Plant Names and Families. If you're not sure what to do from here, take a look at this Help page for instructions. Corolla bilaterally symmetrical, ± 2-lipped, the lobes distinctly shorter than the tube (including spur, if any). There are usually 4 stamens and 1 style. 3. Moluccella laevis (bells of Ireland) develop an unusual green open-faced calyx much used in floral arrangements. The primary centre of distribution of the mint family is the Old World, from the Canary Islands to the Himalayas, with lesser centres in Ethiopia, Madagascar, southern areas of Africa and India, Sri Lanka, and oceanic regions eastward.  Najveći rod je Veronica sa oko 450 vrsta.Veronica također uključuje i nekadašnje rodove Hebe, Parahebe i Synthyris.Svi rodovi Plantaginaceae su ranije bili uključeni u porodicu Scrophulariaceae… Woodlands, openings. Molecular studies show that earlier morphologically based delimitations of many families, such as Scrophulariaceae, do not hold up well in a system based on common ancestry. Delimited this way, there are 236 genera and 7,173 species in Lamiaceae. Members of Veroniceae are some of the most prominent members of the alpine vegetation of New Guinea. 2. 16. The genera Eremophila (215 species) and Myoporum (about 30 species) consist of trees and shrubs native to Australia and the Pacific. Vitex altissima (Asian tree) produces commercial timber, and the related V. divaricata produces wood used for shingles and bark used for tanning. DNA sequence data (nr ITS region, plastid trnL-F region) have been analyzed using … Family: Plantaginaceae. Other places of origin include central Asia, Japan, and islands near India; a few members are native to Europe, Asia Minor, and North America. Flowers solitary in the leaf axils; corolla absent. The current concept of Plantaginaceae includes Antirrhinum (snapdragon), Veronica (speedwell), Penstemon (beardtongue), Linaria (toadflax), and Digitalis (foxglove), as well as Plantago (plantain) and the aquatic genera Hippuris and Callitriche.
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