properties of aether
Robert Fludd, "Mosaical Philosophy". In Greek mythology, it was thought to be the pure essence that the gods breathed, filling the space where they lived, analogous to the air breathed by mortals. In physics, aether theories propose the existence of a medium, a space-filling substance or field, thought to be necessary as a transmission medium for the propagation of electromagnetic or gravitational forces. In The book of Quintessence, a 15th-century English translation of a continental text, quintessence was used as a medicine for many of man's illnesses. it's true of any law. His theory also explains that aether was dense within objects and rare without them. However, Einstein himself noted that his own model which replaced these theories could itself be thought of as an aether, as it implied that the empty space between objects had its own physical properties.. From wikipedia. However, it didn't seem that there was any interaction between the aether and any other regular matter, which posed a problem. The Aether – A Look at the Corpse of a Physical Theory, Electromagnetism, and the Climax of the Aether, Lorentz and the Legacy of the Luminiferous Aether, James Maxwell showed that light wave were actually electromagnetic waves.  The concept of aether was used in several theories to explain several natural phenomena, such as the traveling of light and gravity. Medieval scholastic philosophers granted aether changes of density, in which the bodies of the planets were considered to be more dense than the medium which filled the rest of the universe. It's not going to be true when there's an often human-based influence. Fludd cites the 3rd-century view of Plotinus, concerning the aether as penetrative and non-material. He is right that your basis falls apart unless you can somehow show that "space" has or follows the same laws of matter, which you have not. I would add that the idea that space can flow is fundamentally flawed. The Dual Earth Theory asserts that Aether or space has a property appended to it which results from logical deduction. With this addition the system of elements was extended to five and later commentators started referring to the new first one as the fifth and also called it aether, a word that Aristotle had not used. The Dual Earth Theory asserts that Aether or space has a property appended to it which results from logical deduction. This elemental system spread rapidly throughout all of Europe and became popular with alchemists, especially in medicinal alchemy. [a] However, the early modern aether had little in common with the aether of classical elements from which the name was borrowed.  This theory described different aether densities, creating an aether density gradient. [self-published source? I will recreate the argument and show that the deduction, which constitutes the very foundation upon which the DET stands, is flawed. Wow, that does not even come close to putting DEF on par with RE. In the late 19th century, physicists postulated that aether permeated all throughout space, providing a medium through which light could travel in a vacuum, but evidence for the presence of such a medium was not found in the Michelson–Morley experiment, and this result has been interpreted as meaning that no such luminiferous aether exists. Please Login or Register.  Over the years, the term quintessence has become synonymous with elixirs, medicinal alchemy, and the philosopher's stone itself. Though these properties were uncertain and open to disputes and debates. Aether was only capable of local motion. The luminiferous aether must have certain properties in order to allow the propagation of light waves. Aristotle also noted that celestial spheres made of aether held the stars and planets. ], In a 1675 paper, he also wrote a number of pages speculating that aether may explain how the. First, light must be a transverse wave in order to explain the phenomena of polarization. As early as the 1670s, Newton used the idea of aether to help match observations to strict mechanical rules of his physics. Newton also explained this changing rarity and density of aether in his letter to Robert Boyle in 1679. Aristotle, who had been Plato's student at the Akademia, agreed on this point with his former mentor, emphasizing additionally that fire has sometimes been mistaken for aether. Due to the low presence of quintessence, earth could be affected by what takes place within the heavenly bodies.  Due to quintessence's pure and heavenly quality, it was thought that through consumption one may rid oneself of any impurities or illnesses. The use of aether to describe this motion was popular during the 17th and 18th centuries, including a theory proposed by Johann II Bernoulli, who was recognized in 1736 with the prize of the French Academy.  Aether is related to αἴθω "to incinerate", and intransitive "to burn, to shine" (related is the name Aithiopes (Ethiopians; see Aethiopia), meaning "people with a burnt (black) visage"). It was noted that there was very little presence of quintessence within the terrestrial sphere. I will recreate the argument and show that the deduction, which constitutes the very foundation upon which the DET stands, is flawed. Pg 221. In his aether model, Newton describes aether as a medium that "flows" continually downward toward the Earth's surface and is partially absorbed and partially diffused.  The results of the experiment influenced many physicists of the time and contributed to the eventual development of Einstein's theory of special relativity. , In 1682, Jakob Bernoulli formulated the theory that the hardness of the bodies depended on the pressure of the aether.. First, light must be a transverse wave in order to explain the phenomena of polarization.  It is also personified as a deity, Aether, the son of Erebus and Nyx in traditional Greek mythology. He based the whole description of planetary motions on a theoretical law of dynamic interactions. These theories were supported by the results of the Michelson–Morley experiment in which evidence for the motion of aether was conclusively absent.  See also Arche. Aether naturally moved in circles, and had no contrary, or unnatural, motion. , With the 18th century physics developments, physical models known as "aether theories" made use of a similar concept for the explanation of the propagation of electromagnetic and gravitational forces.  He illustrated aether and its field around objects in this letter as well and used this as a way to inform Robert Boyle about his theory. Quintessence is the Latinate name of the fifth element used by medieval alchemists for a medium similar or identical to that thought to make up the heavenly bodies. Linearly polarized waves oscillate in a specific perpendicular line, while circular and elliptical polarized waves move in the whole perpendicular plane. It is not purely a law of matter, as pressure systems and the laws of thermodynamics indicate. Medicinal alchemy then sought to isolate quintessence and incorporate it within medicine and elixirs. Aether has been used in various gravitational theories as a medium to help explain gravitation and what causes it. AETHER PROPERTY GROUP - is a boutique Real Estate Brokerage that specializes in the marketing of thoughtfully renovated apartments in amazing neighborhoods. A few years later, aether was used in one of Sir Isaac Newton's first published theories of gravitation, Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (the Principia, 1687).  Although Newton eventually changed his theory of gravitation to one involving force and the laws of motion, his starting point for the modern understanding and explanation of gravity came from his original aether model on gravitation. Though these properties were uncertain and open to disputes and debates. This is why I refer to it as a universal law: it refers to all things. The displacement of the wave is perpendicular to the direction of motion. Welcome Guest.  He calls this intervening medium aether. The flow of space is somewhat flawed in terms of terminology, I admit, I can only work with words that exist and as of yet this phenomenon has not been studied enough to have standards terminology. The use of quintessence became popular within medieval alchemy. At the time, it was thought that in order for light to travel through a vacuum, there must have been a medium filling the void through which it could propagate, as sound through air or ripples in a pool. According to ancient and medieval science, aether (/ˈiːθər/), also spelled æther, aither, or ether and also called quintessence, is the material that fills the region of the universe above the terrestrial sphere. He noted that the four terrestrial classical elements were subject to change and naturally moved linearly. 1 is relevant to systems without outside intervention: I believed that was obvious from context. The specific properties of the aether are not defined, as should be clear, from the above basic definition. From wikipedia. As particles of denser aether interacted with the rare aether they were attracted back to the dense aether much like cooling vapors of water are attracted back to each other to form water. Quintessence stemmed from the medieval elemental system, which consisted of the four classical elements, and aether, or quintessence, in addition to two chemical elements representing metals: sulphur, "the stone which burns", which characterized the principle of combustibility, and mercury, which contained the idealized principle of metallic properties. Transverse waves, at the time, were only known to propagate through solids.  One proposed model of dark energy has been named "quintessence" by its proponents, in honor of the classical element. The first element however, located in the celestial regions and heavenly bodies, moved circularly and had none of the qualities the terrestrial classical elements had. To be a preferred reference frame, the aether and matter must be assigned certain characteristics, which is encompassed by specific models of aether. In the 19 th century Physics, light waves were regarded as undulations in an all pervading elastic medium called 'ether' or 'aether'.
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